HISTORY OF ANCIENT EGYPT

New Kingdom (1570-525)

HISTORY OF ANCIENT EGYPTNew Kingdom – the era of the third, and last, raising the Egyptian state, which came after the victory over the Asian Hyksos tribes. The Art of the New Kingdom majestically, but it makes the way the flames of earthly feelings, thoughts, anxieties. Traditional forms as if illuminated from within the light. Many traditions are already becoming obsolete.

HISTORY OF ANCIENT EGYPTInstead, the architecture of tombs blossoms temple architecture. Priests at that time become an independent political force, competing even with the power of the king. Therefore, the appearance of the New Kingdom of Egypt have come to define the Temple of Amun, not Pharaoh. For several centuries it was completed temple of Amun-Ra – modern Karnak and Luxor. From Luxor to the Karnak waged a long, almost two kilometers long, straight highway – avenue of sphinxes.

HISTORY OF ANCIENT EGYPTA remarkable architectural monument of the Theban 18th Dynasty is the funerary temple of Queen Hatshepsut. She was the only woman in the history of the Egyptian pharaoh.

She paid homage to all divine honors befitting Pharaohs, it represented the attributes of Osiris, tied under the chin with a beard. Hatshepsut is not very much engaged in campaigns of conquest, but the jealous care of domestic affairs, on a lush and large-scale construction. Long straight road lined with statues of sphinxes at the sides with those of Hatshepsut, began from the pier at the west bank of the Nile, rising higher and higher to the rocks, leads to the gradually rising 3 large terraces, surrounded by columns. The terraces were connected by ramps, and the sanctuary excavated in the rock.

Two statues of ebony – the figure of the priest and his wife of Amenhotep Ranna – can tell a lot about the general character and traditions of Egyptian Art in the Age of the 18th dynasty. Ranna statuette displayed in the traditional pose of hundreds of thousands of Egyptian statues. Both feet firmly rooted to the ground, but one leg thrust forward; Stan voltage directly, as if petrified, but its apparent static laid dynamic energy: it is all directed forward, all the force, all the will of spiritual tension. But in Ranna is something that was not there before. Highlight its fragile femininity, figure unusually thin, elongated proportions.

Lifestyle higher circles of Egypt is more than ever a luxury, relatively secular spirit penetrates into art. The reliefs and paintings of the tombs (now and palaces) generously portrayed feasts, festivals, dancers and harpists, receptions of ambassadors, dressing and beauty treatments chief women. Relocated to the afterlife, Egyptian ladies and there with a set of toiletries were taken from gold, ivory, porcelain: precious caskets with makeup, bracelets, necklaces, earrings, rings, toilet spoon. All of these items are not diverse and not fanciful, filled with a wonderful sense of material and color, what an example – a toilet spoon floating naked girl.

With this influx of secular motifs from the old canons are beginning to turn freely. There are unusual poses and angles – from the front, three-quarters, even from the back, the figures obscure one another, drawing becomes exquisite.