We know that in Italy Etruscan civilization came by sea from Asia Minor. The Etruscans in ancient times were engaged in agriculture, then, for unknown reasons, they have to overpower a new edge. Here they became warriors and traders. The Etruscans, sailed to the wind kept the religion and the sky, which was associated with witchcraft and zhertvoprinasheniem of animals. Etruscan art lived in VII-I in. BC. The first monuments of east. Greek contribution was significant only in the VII. BC, but they left some items in the arts. Because of competition and neprimereniya members Etruscan Union eased the city authorities. The Romans conquered them. Often that include the Romans, it is the remains of the Etruscans. Roman triumphal arch – is nothing more than a city Etruscan Arch.
Ground plan of the city of the Etruscans – magical chessboard. Various architectural forms – arches, domes and arches – have long been discoveries in Mesopotamia, but in Europe the first time they were used by the Etruscans. Powerful crazy wall (15 m high and 5 wide) with no other buildings were made of stone. The most important element of the architecture – arched vault. Arches, domes were placed on the introduction into the municipal sewage system, the graves, the city gates and bridges.
Sacred buildings Etruscans made of wood. Before a rectangular building with simple stretches portico columns. The roof is very ledged, Mills is picturesque rows of wooden bricks. The Etruscans wooden buildings decorated with colored plitochki of baked clay, typical for Asia Minor. The holy places were built on elevations. It adopted the Roman builders. From the wealth of ancient Etruscans introduced metals like bronze-casting techniques. In Etrus erected sculpture Capitol wolf. Legend has it that the she-wolf suckled her milk two children, the founders of Rome – Romulus and his brother Remus twins. Sculpture wolf (it is known that was erected in ancient times) was opened in the Middle Ages, it is set to Place du Capitole, and the figures of Romulus and Remus were predelany Later, during the Renaissance.
The dead were buried in coffins made and tombs. In the tombs near the sarcophagi found household objects and drawings. Among the dishes, gold, bronze reliefs, the skin also found Greek vases. It shows the relationship of the Etruscans with Greece. The murals of coffins resemble enlarged pictures of Greek vases, but they are much more realistic.
Around the 8th century BC Northern Italy was inhabited by the Etruscans. The past of this people is shrouded in mystery because scientists still do not fully understand their writing, and the Romans, freed from the power of the Etruscans in the 4th century BC, erased from the face of the earth of their city. However, they left intact the “city of the dead” – the cemetery, which sometimes exceeded their size city living. In Etruscan the cult of the dead: they believed in life after death and would make it possible for the dead pleasant. Therefore, their art, which served as death, life was full of joy and light. The paintings on the walls of the tombs were shown the best side of life – feasts with music and dancing, sports, hunting scenes and a pleasant stay in the family circle. Sarcophagi made of terracotta, ie baked clay resembled the then bed. They recline sculptures of couples for a friendly chat or a meal – eaten in the ancient feasts in such an uncomfortable position.
The Etruscans met early Greek art. These cities have worked masters of Greece, who taught young Etruscans. From the Greeks, apparently borrowed characteristic smile on the faces of the Etruscan statues – it strongly resembles the “archaic” smile early Greek statues. Yet these painted terracotta sculptures preserved Etruscan inherent features – a large nose, slightly slanted almond eyes under heavy eyelids, full lips. The Etruscans well owned equipment of bronze casting. In Etruria it was created the famous statue of the Capitoline she-wolf suckled her milk supposedly two babies – the legendary founder of Rome, Romulus and his brother – twin Remus.
Churches Etruscans built of wood. Before the building was rectangular portico with simple columns. Wooden beams allowed to set the column at a considerable distance from each other. The roof had a strong inclination, the role performed ranks frieze painted clay plates. The most distinctive feature of the temple was a high base, which inherited the Roman builders. Another important novelty Etruscans left a legacy of the Romans – the technique of removing the vaults.
However, the arches first appeared in the east; but the Etruscans learned that the Romans, who reached in the construction of vaulted ceilings unprecedented heights.